How To Do Research in 7 Simple Steps

Learn how to research

Research is a study or investigation on a specific topic to answer the question, fill the gap in knowledge or find the solution to a problem. It can be simple, simply to answer the question that popped up in your head (For example: How to wake up early?) or it can be sophisticated to understand the bigger picture (For example: Do tourists bring positive or negative impact to the country?).  

Learning how to research comes to the picture only during college days to most people. Every college mandates students to write a professional college-level thesis. Similarly, newspapers, articles, blogs, or any content writing entails structured and planned research processes. You will need to research effectively to establish valuable facts answers. 

In this article, we will provide you seven simple research processes to write any content. These steps are not a protocol that you should follow step-by-step strictly. You may shuffle them and add more steps to generate accurate content as per your topic and convenience. 

Step 1: Generate The Title and Identify the Keywords

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Generate an engaging title and identify the keywords

Sometimes the most challenging part of research is finding a topic unless you work in a particular field like sports, music, health, beauty, etc. Still, these topics are vast; there are millions of questions, aspects, and problems on these topics to research. 

When you have got your topic, then you generate an exciting title. State your title as a question for your college thesis. For example, if you are writing a thesis on insomnia, pose your question like, “Why do youths suffer from insomnia?” And for other content types, state it as questions, listicles (Example: 5 ways to kill mosquitoes at home), guides (Example: A complete guide to playing guitar), etc. 

After generating the title, then work on identifying the keywords. Keywords can be words and phrases entailing the central concept of your writing. Let’s take the example of a sample title, “Why do youths suffer from insomnia”? The keywords could be “excessive use of mobile phones, depression, heavy assignments, etc..” 

Step 2: Research and Compile Resources

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Gather and compile useful information

There are numerous resources to find the information you need; books, magazine articles, newspapers, internet resources, videos, and interviews. You don’t need to read every word on a report related to your title to research effectively. Skim through the article and check whether it is reliable and valuable for you. If you come across helpful information, make a copy and compile them.

Step 3: Create an Outline

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Construct an outline before writing

It is crucial to construct an outline before you start writing. Structuring an overview will help you organize your thoughts and plans to carry out a formulated writing structure. 

A general outline to write a comprehensive content includes;

  1. Title
  2. Introduction/ leading sentence
  3. Subheadings (Subheading 1, 2, 3, and so on with details; supporting ideas and arguments) 
  4. Results and findings
  5. Conclusion (a summary of your content) 
  6. References/ Bibliography

Step 4: Start Writing

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Begin writing using the gathered information

You have got the resources and planned the outline to begin the writing part. The writing part is significant, so use accurate and valuable information. Your grammar, phrases, and sentences may not be perfect, but it is fine as you have just begun writing. Use the information you have gathered and write it in your own words. Build your own ideas based on others’ articles and content. Don’t copy the exact work of others because plagiarism is unacceptable and a big publishing crime. 

Step 5: Use Infographics

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Use infographics in your writing

Visual presentation is a must in any type of research and writing. It illustrates the given data and simplifies the text. You may use a relevant feature image right below the title for a blog and article to attract readers. In the subheadings, use at least one picture to support your writing.  

Step 6: Edit and finalize

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Edit and finalize your write up

Read through your work to make edits. You will come across many mistakes, non-useful lines, and repeating ideas. Make necessary changes by using online grammar and plagiarism checker software. Verify if the content is making is according to your plan and whether it is useful for readers. Finally, proofread your blog and finalize your work. 

Step 7: Site the Sources

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Credit the sources and authors by referencing your work

References are mandatory for educational and formal writings. You should cite the sources to credit the author and websites. The references may also be helpful for your readers to look up and find more information.


Learning how to research is paramount to come up with a valuable piece of writing. As mentioned earlier, you may tweak the steps and make them easier for you. The given steps are guides to help beginners research effectively and generate quality content. 


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